METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT — JULY 2019
Unemployment rates were lower in July than a year earlier in 217 of the 389 metropolitan
areas, higher in 141 areas, and unchanged in 31 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. A total of 61 areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 3 areas
had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in
51 metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged in the remaining 338 areas. The national
unemployment rate in July was 4.0 percent, not seasonally adjusted, little changed from a
This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor force
and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those used for the
national household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside.
The employment data come from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment,
hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where
the establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical
methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In July, Burlington-South Burlington, VT, and Portland-South Portland, ME, had the lowest
unemployment rates, 1.8 percent and 1.9 percent, respectively. Yuma, AZ, and El Centro,
CA, had the highest unemployment rates, 22.1 percent and 20.7 percent, respectively. A total
of 197 areas had July jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.0 percent, 172 areas had rates
above it, and 20 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)
Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL, and Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ, had the largest over-the-year
unemployment rate decreases in July (-1.6 percentage points each). Eighteen other areas had
rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year rate increase
occurred in Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ (+1.2 percentage points).
Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Birmingham-Hoover,
AL; Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, MA-NH; and Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO, had the lowest unemployment
rates in July, 2.7 percent each. Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI, had the highest jobless rate among
the large areas, 5.3 percent. Thirty-three large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases, 12 had increases, and 6 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in
Birmingham-Hoover, AL (-1.1 percentage points). The largest jobless rate increases
were in Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, and Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ (+0.5 percentage
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which
are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In July, San Francisco-Redwood
City-South San Francisco, CA, had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 2.4 percent.
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, MI, had the highest division rate, 6.5 percent. (See table 2.)
In July, 29 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 3 had increases,
and 6 had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Camden, NJ (-1.2 percentage points),
and Newark, NJ-PA (-1.1 points). The largest over-the-year jobless rate increase occurred in
Tacoma-Lakewood, WA (+0.7 percentage point).
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In July, 51 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment
and 338 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred
in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+145,600), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+129,300),
and Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX (+93,600). The largest over-the-year percentage gains in
employment occurred in Reno, NV (+5.9 percent), Ocean City, NJ (+5.8 percent), and
Ogden-Clearfield, UT (+4.7 percent). (See table 3.)
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 34 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 17 areas. The
largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas
occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+3.8 percent), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
(+3.5 percent), and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA (+3.4 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In July, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 15 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the
year and was essentially unchanged in 23 divisions. The largest over-the-year increase in
employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains,
NY-NJ (+115,300), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+103,100), and Los Angeles-Long
Beach-Glendale, CA (+63,400). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX
(+3.9 percent), Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA (+3.6 percent), and San Francisco-Redwood City-South
San Francisco, CA (+3.5 percent).
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