METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT — JUNE 2019
Unemployment rates were lower in June than a year earlier in 294 of the
389 metropolitan areas, higher in 67 areas, and unchanged in 28 areas,
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. A total of 48 areas
had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and 2 areas had rates of at
least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year
in 47 metropolitan areas, decreased in 1 area, and was essentially
unchanged in 341 areas. The national unemployment rate in June was 3.8
percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.2 percent a year earlier.
This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The
civilian labor force and unemployment data are based on the same
concepts and definitions as those used for the national household
survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by where they reside.
The employment data come from an establishment survey that measures
nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain
to jobs on payrolls defined by where the establishments are located.
For more information about the concepts and statistical methodologies
used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.
Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In June, Burlington-South Burlington, VT, had the lowest unemployment
rate, 1.9 percent, followed by Idaho Falls, ID; Midland, TX; and
Portsmouth, NH-ME, 2.1 percent each. Yuma, AZ, and El Centro, CA, had
the highest unemployment rates, 19.6 percent and 18.6 percent,
respectively. A total of 192 areas had June jobless rates above the U.S.
rate of 3.8 percent, 183 areas had rates below it, and 14 areas had
rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)
Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ, had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate
decrease in June (-2.2 percentage points). Twenty-nine other areas had
rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-
year rate increase occurred in Yakima, WA (+1.2 percentage points).
Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million
or more, Austin-Round Rock, TX; San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA; and
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA, had the lowest unemployment rates
in June, 2.7 percent each. New Orleans-Metairie, LA, had the highest
jobless rate among the large areas, 5.0 percent. Forty-four large areas
had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, four had increases, and
three had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Birmingham-
Hoover, AL, and Cleveland-Elyria, OH (-1.1 percentage points each). The
largest jobless rate increase was in Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington,
MN-WI (+0.5 percentage point).
Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38
metropolitan divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable
employment centers. In June, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco,
CA, had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 2.2 percent.
Takoma-Lakewood, WA, had the highest division rate, 5.6 percent. (See
In June, 36 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases and 2 had increases. The largest rate declines occurred in
Camden, NJ, and Newark, NJ-PA (-1.4 percentage points each). The largest
over-the-year jobless rate increase occurred in Tacoma-Lakewood, WA (+0.6
Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In June, 47 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm
payroll employment, 1 had a decrease, and 341 were essentially unchanged.
The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in New York-
Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+123,800), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
(+120,000), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA (+87,100). The largest
over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Reno, NV (+6.2
percent), Idaho Falls, ID (+4.2 percent), and Asheville, NC; Cape Coral-
Fort Myers, FL; Ogden-Clearfield, UT; and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL
(+3.8 percent each). Employment fell in Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN
(-5,700, or -5.4 percent). (See table 3.)
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 31 of the 51 metropolitan areas
with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, while employment was
essentially unchanged in 20 areas. The largest over-the-year percentage
increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+3.8 percent), Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale,
AZ (+3.3 percent), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+3.2 percent).
Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
In June, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 14 of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year and was essentially unchanged in 24 divisions. The
largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+111,500),
followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+97,000), and Chicago-Naperville-
Arlington Heights, IL (+63,500). (See table 4.)
The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+3.7 percent), San Francisco-Redwood City-South
San Francisco, CA (+3.5 percent), and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA (+3.1
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